J. Eugene Clay studied Russian history at the University of Chicago, where he earned his BA, MA, and PhD degrees.  He serves as associate professor of religious studies at Arizona State University, where he writes and lectures about religious movements in Russia and Eurasia, the relationship between religion and nationalism, and the encounters of the world religions.   His work has appeared in many scholarly journals, including Church History, Russian History, and the Cahiers du Monde Russe. He is currently completing a monograph about Russian Spiritual Christianity, whose adepts rejected the hierarchy, sacraments, fasts, and icons of the state church to embrace a spiritual interpretation of the Bible and of Christian tradition.